Gymnospermae, or referred as Gymnosperms, is a Division of Kingdom Plantae under Sub-Kingdom Phanerogamae that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and gnetophytes.

Characteristic FeaturesEdit

  • Produce seeds
  • Seeds develop either on the surface of scales or leaves, often modified to form cones, or at the end of short stalks as in Ginkgo

Further ClassificationEdit


  • The naked condition of Gymnospermae members stand in contrast to the seeds and ovules of flowering plants (Angiospermae), which are enclosed within an ovary.
  • The word "Gymnosperm" is derived from the Greek words "gymnos" which means naked and "sperma" which means seed, meaning naked seeds.